Yorkshire Terrier – Character And Temperament
The Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie) is a small, almost “toy-sized” dog, that weighs around 7 pounds.
But this little package has lots of character to reveal. They are clever, brave, cheeky, and confident.
Yorkies originated in the Yorkshire region of England. Believe it or not, these little warriors were used to hunt rats and mice.
Their lifespan is long (14-16 years, some even up to 19 years), and their fur is almost hypo-allergenic.
A perfect breed for first-time dog owners, people who suffer from allergies, or just anyone who loves dogs with character.
Despite their small size, they are tenacious watchdogs and can even be a little bossy.
Yorkies are one of the most popular dog breeds today.
Socialization And Training
Yorkies often don’t realize they are very small. They are very determined, clever, confident, brave, and have lots of energy.
Early socialization and training are truly imperative. The owner needs to be very decisive and somewhat authoritative. Yorkies make wonderful dogs when properly trained.
If there was no socialization or training, or maybe poor quality, the outcome can be quite different.
The dog can become aggressive towards other dogs and animals, bark too much, become neurotic, get jealous easily, and have other behavioral problems.
Enough time for training is very important, as we can train them to be very loyal, obedient, dutiful, and eager to perform tricks and tasks.
Compatibility With Children
Yorkies are great with children but don’t have a lot of patience. It’s very important to teach small children not to pull their hair, tail, or ears. They get along great, with children of 10 years and up (or less if children treat them with respect). Just like with any other dog, monitor them when around children, for the safety of both parties.
Compatibility With Other Pets
With proper socialization and training, they get along well with other pets. When Yorkshire Terriers are playing with larger dogs, they are never aware of their size. So they might pick a fight with a Rottweiler.
Generally, they get along well with pets living in the household.
You cannot trust them with small animals living outdoors (squirrels, rats, mice, etc.)
If you have pets such as hamsters, mice, and similar, make sure to never leave them alone with one another.
They require a moderate amount of exercise, such as walks. One to two walks a day should suffice. Sometimes they might have more energy and will be ready to chase a ball/stick.
As they are very clever and self-confident, agility, dog shows, and obedience are all great activities for the Yorkie.
These will not only fulfill physical exercise requirements but also provide mental exercise.
You can prevent most conditions in this breed by getting the dog from a responsible breeder.
Some dogs might have problems with eye infections, tooth decay, or sensitive digestion.
Female dogs often require a cesarean section, as they can have trouble giving birth naturally.
This is generally a very healthy breed, with a long lifespan!
The Yorkie’s coat is similar to human hair and requires a lot of attention.
If the coat is long, we will have to brush the dog every day. You need to bath them every few weeks or when needed. To prevent infections you have to clean their ears often.
Yorkies shed little (almost nothing), but their hair gets tangled and they do get skin infected, when not properly groomed.
Many people decide to give them a short trim for these reasons.
This breed can have more dental issues than others. Therefore, You should take a look at our article about cleaning your dog’s teeth, to help with that.
Did you know?
In the second World War, there was a Yorkie who saved the lives of many soldiers. Her name was Smoky. She would bring communication cables through an 8-inch wide opening (60 feet long). Not only a war hero, but she was also the first publicly known therapy dog, visiting the wounded soldiers in different hospitals.
The soldier who found Smoky in Papua New Guinea even wrote a book about her- “Yorkie Doodle Dandy”
Today, there are 6 memorials dedicated to Smoky in the US!